生成一个随机数

原型

wp_rand( int $min, int $max )

参数

$min (int) (Required) 生成数量的下限

$max (int) (Required) 生成数字的上限

返回值

(int)  最小值和最大值之间的随机数

源文件

路径:wp-includes/pluggable.php

<?php
...
function wp_rand( $min = 0, $max = 0 ) {
	global $rnd_value;
	// Some misconfigured 32bit environments (Entropy PHP, for example) truncate integers larger than PHP_INT_MAX to PHP_INT_MAX rather than overflowing them to floats.
	$max_random_number = 3000000000 === 2147483647 ? (float) "4294967295" : 4294967295; // 4294967295 = 0xffffffff
	// We only handle Ints, floats are truncated to their integer value.
	$min = (int) $min;
	$max = (int) $max;
	// Use PHP's CSPRNG, or a compatible method
	static $use_random_int_functionality = true;
	if ( $use_random_int_functionality ) {
		try {
			$_max = ( 0 != $max ) ? $max : $max_random_number;
			// wp_rand() can accept arguments in either order, PHP cannot.
			$_max = max( $min, $_max );
			$_min = min( $min, $_max );
			$val = random_int( $_min, $_max );
			if ( false !== $val ) {
				return absint( $val );
			} else {
				$use_random_int_functionality = false;
			}
		} catch ( Error $e ) {
			$use_random_int_functionality = false;
		} catch ( Exception $e ) {
			$use_random_int_functionality = false;
		}
	}
	// Reset $rnd_value after 14 uses
	// 32(md5) + 40(sha1) + 40(sha1) / 8 = 14 random numbers from $rnd_value
	if ( strlen($rnd_value) < 8 ) {
		if ( defined( 'WP_SETUP_CONFIG' ) )
			static $seed = '';
		else
			$seed = get_transient('random_seed');
		$rnd_value = md5( uniqid(microtime() . mt_rand(), true ) . $seed );
		$rnd_value .= sha1($rnd_value);
		$rnd_value .= sha1($rnd_value . $seed);
		$seed = md5($seed . $rnd_value);
		if ( ! defined( 'WP_SETUP_CONFIG' ) && ! defined( 'WP_INSTALLING' ) ) {
			set_transient( 'random_seed', $seed );
		}
	}
	// Take the first 8 digits for our value
	$value = substr($rnd_value, 0, 8);
	// Strip the first eight, leaving the remainder for the next call to wp_rand().
	$rnd_value = substr($rnd_value, 8);
	$value = abs(hexdec($value));
	// Reduce the value to be within the min - max range
	if ( $max != 0 )
		$value = $min + ( $max - $min + 1 ) * $value / ( $max_random_number + 1 );
	return abs(intval($value));
}
...
?>

其他

英文文档:https://developer.wordpress.org/reference/functions/wp_rand/